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<p>Depending on your specialty, your cardiac assessment probably consists of listening to an apical pulse over the mitral valve and sagely nodding your head. It's been years since you've thought about heart sounds and in all honesty, they were kind of confusing to begin with. There was all that “lub” and “dub” and diastole and systole. It was enough to make a nursing student's head spin round, but heart sounds can actually tell you a great deal about a patient if you take the time to listen to them (Also read how to perform a chest pain assessment). Instead of </p>