Being able to make decisions about their own lives, and having those decisions respected, is a fundamental right of people receiving care (ACQSC 2019).
Therefore, residents, clients and patients alike should be adequately supported to participate in the planning of care and services provided to them.
What is Planning With Consumers?
Providers are expected to work alongside clients in order to plan care and services that meet their clients’ needs, goals and preferences (ACQSC 2019).
Even if the client is experiencing challenges in their life, providers should support them to achieve their goals and live meaningfully while maximising their quality of life (ACQSC 2019).
Planning with consumers involves communicating with the client about their preferences, assessing their abilities and then delivering care that allows them to fulfil their goals. Plans should be regularly reviewed in order to identify changes in the client’s circumstances and adjust care and services accordingly (ACQSC 2019).
As an essential component of consumer-directed care, planning is expected to involve the client, encourage their input and provide them with the required information to make informed decisions (Larter 2020).
Clients should be supported to actively participate in the planning of their care. If they wish to do so, they should be involved in all decision-making, planning and goal setting (ACSQHC 2019).
Assess the client’s functional abilities and determine what assistance they may need to optimise their quality of life;
Listen to the client’s goals and preferences and determine how these can be fulfilled;
Take the client’s personal and cultural preferences into account in order to appropriately personalise the care and services delivered;
Support the client to participate in planning as little or as much as they would like;
Provide adequate information to the client so that they can make informed decisions;
Ask for feedback from the client; and
Communicate and liaise effectively with other providers involved in the client’s care.
Getting to Know the Client
Taking a consumer-focused approach means being a good listener and understanding what your clients want to gain from their own lives. Your role is to explore options and solutions that will guide them towards their goals rather than enforcing what you think is best for them (CDCS 2019).
Consider the following about your clients:
Likes and dislikes;
Sources of happiness;
The outcomes of assessment and planning are expected to be documented in a care and services plan, which should be kept accurate and current. A care and services plan may comprise one or several documents and should be available to both the provider and client when needed (ACQSC 2019).
The plan should include the client’s needs, goals and preferences and may also include advance care planning (ACQSC 2019).
The goal of care plans is to:
Ensure the client always receives the same care, regardless of which staff member is providing it;
Ensure the care provided is recorded; and
Help the client identify, manage and solve problems.
The provider and client should agree on a review date for the care plan depending on the client’s needs and the services being provided (ACQSC 2019).
Part of planning with consumers means providing clients with resources and support to complete end-of-life planning and advance care directives, if they wish to do so. This will allow the client to inform their end-of-life experience, saving carers, staff and loved ones from unnecessary distress if the discussion is left too late (ACQSC 2019).
If the client does not have decision-making capacity, their designated substitute decision-maker can assist in the development of an emergency care plan (ACQSC 2019).
Once completed, this documentation is expected to be accurate, up-to-date and properly stored (ACQSC 2019).
Providers should work together with clients receiving care and services at home to develop an emergency plan. As the carer may not always be present, it is essential that the client knows what to do in such a situation.
Encourage the client to consider advance care planning.
Ensure advance care documentation can be retrieved quickly and easily.
Ensure any advance care documentation accompanies the client if they need to be transferred to a different care setting.
Liaise with the client’s general practitioner if you have concerns about their health.
Inform carers about the Carer Gateway emergency plan. In the event of an emergency that incapacities the carer, this document will help somebody else quickly take over to care for the client.
Encourage the client or their loved ones to compile a list of emergency contacts and leave it in an easily-accessible location.
A key component of planning care with clients is identifying and setting goals that reflect the client’s personal and clinical needs, preferences, expectations and aspirations. Goal-setting is shown to improve clients’ satisfaction, quality of life and self-efficacy (ACSQHC 2019).
While a conversation with the client about their values and preferences may suffice at a minimum, you may also utilise tools, frameworks, models or person-centred communication models in order to identify goals. These goals should then be used to inform the client’s care (ACSQHC 2019).
The following principles should be used when identifying and setting goals:
Set aside time to discuss what is important to the client;
Make decisions about goals together with the client;
Identify several goals that are positive and achievable, but challenging;
Clarify the roles and responsibilities involved in achieving these goals;
Clearly communicate and document the goals that have been agreed upon;
Track progress and measure achievement against the goals;
Understand that the goals may require repetition in order to be achieved; and
Integrate the goals into existing care systems and processes.
Providers are expected to regularly review care plans to ensure:
The plans are up-to-date and adequately meet the client’s needs, goals and preferences;
Care and services are meeting the client’s needs safely and effectively; and
Care and services are improved or updated when possible.
Plans should be reviewed when:
It is the agreed review date as documented on the plan;
The client’s condition (e.g. physical or mental health) changes;
Situations change (e.g. organisation’s arrangements); and