Keeping Baby Warm: Thermoregulation in the Neonate

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Creating a thermoneutral environment is essential for the wellbeing of newborn babies, especially for those who are born prematurely or who need special or intensive care. So, what is a thermoneutral environment and how can it be created and maintained?

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What is this article about?

Thermoregulation is the ability to balance heat production and heat loss to maintain steady, normal body temperature, with a stable metabolic state where minimal rates of oxygen consumption or energy expenditure occur. To put it more simply, a neutral thermal environment is the optimum environmental temperature to ensure an infant has the lowest oxygen and energy expenditure whilst maintaining a normal body temperature.


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Meet the educator

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Anne Watkins
Anne is a freelance lecturer and medical writer at Mind Body Ink. She is a former midwife and nurse teacher with over 25 years’ experience working in the fields of healthcare, stress management and medical hypnosis. Her background includes working as a hospital midwife, Critical Care nurse, lecturer in Neonatal Intensive Care, and as a Clinical Nurse Specialist for a company making life support equipment. Anne has also studied many forms of complementary medicine and has extensive experience in the field of clinical hypnosis. She has a special interest in integrating complementary medicine into conventional healthcare settings and is currently an Associate Tutor, lecturing in Health Coaching and Medical Hypnosis at Exeter University in the UK. As a former Midwife, Anne has a natural passion for writing about fertility, pregnancy, birthing and baby care. Her recent publications include The Health Factor, Coach Yourself To Better Health and Positive Thinking For Kids. You can read more about her work at
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What do others think?

176 reviews by Ausmed Learners
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Penelope Byrne
22 Apr 2022
This is standard practice in the Newborn Unit but good to be refreshed and updated. Thank you.
Portrait of Suzi Mills
Suzi Mills
28 May 2022
Very informative.
Anne Smith
08 Oct 2020
Succinct and easy to follow information
Portrait of Tracey Edwards
Tracey Edwards
01 Jun 2021
A helpful and succinct presentation for nurses working with neonates.
Santhan Palelil
01 Mar 2022
small but very relevant to my area of practice. simple explanation ,which is easy to follow.
Katie Penfold
03 Oct 2020
Great short informative read
Hong Fung
08 Oct 2023
Very informative.
Kylie Roberts
02 Oct 2020
Well writted
Julie garside
12 May 2023
This was an excellent review of thermoregulation.
Portrait of Betty Randall
Betty Randall
12 May 2022
Registered Nurse
A very brief but informative lesson on hypothermia in neonates
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