Anaemia in Pregnancy

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As defined by the World Health Organisation, the mean minimum normal haemoglobin concentration in healthy pregnant women is 110 mg/dL in the first half of pregnancy and 105 mg/dL in the second. If these levels aren’t being met, it’s likely that anaemia is the cause.

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Anaemia in pregnancy is a significant health problem that affects over 38% of pregnant women worldwide and 25% of pregnant women in Australia. All pregnant women are at risk of anaemia due to increased iron demands as their pregnancy progresses. Furthermore, all pregnant women require more iron and folic acid than usual. Anaemia is most commonly caused by a lack of iron, but can also arise from less common causes such as nutritional deficiencies, haemoglobinopathies, infectious and chronic diseases and very rarely, malignancy.


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Meet the educator

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Anne Watkins
Anne is a freelance lecturer and medical writer at Mind Body Ink. She is a former midwife and nurse teacher with over 25 years’ experience working in the fields of healthcare, stress management and medical hypnosis. Her background includes working as a hospital midwife, Critical Care nurse, lecturer in Neonatal Intensive Care, and as a Clinical Nurse Specialist for a company making life support equipment. Anne has also studied many forms of complementary medicine and has extensive experience in the field of clinical hypnosis. She has a special interest in integrating complementary medicine into conventional healthcare settings and is currently an Associate Tutor, lecturing in Health Coaching and Medical Hypnosis at Exeter University in the UK. As a former Midwife, Anne has a natural passion for writing about fertility, pregnancy, birthing and baby care. Her recent publications include The Health Factor, Coach Yourself To Better Health and Positive Thinking For Kids. You can read more about her work at
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264 reviews by Ausmed Learners
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Rebecca Arthur
14 May 2021
Brief and informative
Claire Hein
18 May 2021
Very helpful. Gained new knowledge.
Roslyn Sheedy
18 May 2021
Information relevant for my scope of practice in educating women during pregnancy.
Lynn Marchant
22 May 2021
Relevant to midwifery practice
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Cassandra Bond
13 May 2021
So easy to do
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Stephanie Spargo
29 May 2021
A great reminder of the benefits of maternal health education
Eleanor Stratford
16 May 2021
Excellent straight forward article.
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Grant Bradley
23 May 2021
An excellent reminder of the need for health screening of the pregnant woman as well as maternal education.
Julie Logan
14 May 2021
Very important and relevant information for educating pregnant women about best outcomes.
Jennifer Clague
23 May 2021
Easy informative read
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