Course Overview


This Course will focus on high blood glucose levels in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, which can have a catastrophic impact on the individual’s health requiring immediate hospital intervention.

Learning Outcomes

  • Identify patients at high risk of developing hyperglycaemia and initiate appropriate assessment, blood glucose monitoring, referral, and pathology
  • Use knowledge of the pathophysiology of poor glycaemic control to assist people with diabetes to recognise and act on presenting signs and symptoms of hyperglycaemia
  • Link recommended emergency management of hyperglycaemic episodes with best nursing practice to minimise the risk of complications for patients

Topics include:

  • Review of the pathogenesis of diabetes
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)
  • Hyperglycaemic Hyperosmolar State (HHS)

Target audience

All healthcare professionals, and especially useful for credentialed diabetes educators.


To provide health professionals with current evidence-based information concerning hyperglycaemia, its prevention and management, in order to prevent complications for the person with diabetes.


Diabetes is the fastest growing chronic health condition in Australia, with an estimated 1.7 million Australians living with the condition. While hyperglycaemia is present when diabetes is diagnosed, glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels may remain high once treatment is instituted. Studies have shown a strong, consistent relationship between hyperglycaemia and microvascular and macrovascular diabetic complications such as nephropathy and amputation respectively. Additionally, hyperglycaemia can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), an acute complication associated with a high mortality rate if not efficiently and effectively treated. Mortality rates as a result of hyperglycaemia have been reported to be as high as 16%. Due to the high prevalence of diabetes in Australia, health professionals will care for people with the condition and one of the most important goals in the management of diabetes and prevention of complications is good glycaemic control.

Health professionals in Australia that are registered with AHPRA are required to obtain continuing professional development (CPD) hours/points each year that relates to their context of practice, in order to comply with mandatory regulatory requirements.